World Organ Donation Day 2022 Theme, Quotes, Images,Date, Speech, Poster
This is the process of surgically removing an organ or tissue from one person (the organ donor) and placing it into another person (the recipient). Transplantation is necessary because the recipient’s organ has failed or has been damaged by disease or injury.
13th August is observed every year as World Organ Donation Day. NGOs, hospitals, health professionals globally spread the message of the importance of organ donation.
Types of Organ Donation:
This is divided into two categories:
Living Donation: A living donation takes place when a living person donates an organ (or part of an organ) for transplant to another person. The living donor can be a family member, such as a parent, child, grandparent or grandchild, brother or sister, (living related donation). It can also come from someone who is emotionally related to the recipient, such as a good friend, a relative, a neighbour or an in-law (living unrelated donation).
Deceased Cadaver Donation: In this the patient has to register in a hospital that does transplants. The patient will be put on a wait list and as and when the organ is available from an appropriate deceased donor (brain dead) the patient will be informed.
What Can be Donated:
Common transplantations include kidneys, heart, liver, pancreas, intestines, lungs, bones, bone marrow, skin, and corneas. Some organs and tissues can be donated by living donors, such as a kidney or part of the liver, part of the pancreas, part of the lungs or part of the intestines, but most donations occur after the donor has died
Organ Donation and India:
The organ donation numbers of India are extremely poor as with over 5 lakh people die every year in India awaiting an organ transplant. This is especially unfortunate given the fact that an organ donor can help save up to 8 lives.
Sadly the lack of awareness, incorrect information and various myths leads to very few signing up for Organ Donation. Despite India being the world’s second most populous country, it has a deceased organ donation rate of just 0.26 per million population.
Organ Donation, Some Facts:
- In India, organ donations are legal under the Transplantation of Human Organs Act (THOA), 1994, that also legalises the concept of ‘brain death’, a permanent cessation of all brain functions.
- In brain death, a person cannot sustain life, but vital body functions can be maintained in an ICU. Such patients are kept on artificial life support so that the organs are in a healthy condition.
- Brain death is not the same as coma, which is a state of deep unconsciousness where the brain continues to function without external help.
- In India, a panel of doctors examines the and conducts a series of tests before declaring the patient as brain dead.
Who Can Donate an Organ?
- Organ donation can be done irrespective of age.
- For organ donation after death, a medical assessment will be done to determine what organs can be donated.
- Most medical conditions allow an organ donation, however the doctor takes the final call.
- Certain conditions, such as having HIV, actively spreading cancer, or severe infection would exclude organ donation.
Here are a few facts to clear up common misconceptions:
- Organ donation does not disfigure the deceased donor’s body. There is a single incision made through which organs are retrieved and it is ensure that the body is handed back to the family in the most respectful of manner.
- Healthy organs should be transplanted as soon as possible from the donor to the recipient. Organs must be removed as soon as possible after the determination of brain death, while circulation is being maintained artificially. Tissues may be removed within 12 to 24 hours.
- The donor’s family doesn’t have to bear any expenses for organ or tissue donation. All costs pertaining to the organ transplant surgery will be handled by the recipient’s family or the organ transplant program.
- Organ donation waiting lists are made according to the severity of the illness, blood type, and time spent waiting in every hospital.
- Unlike in many western countries, where an adult is asked to make a choice if he she wants to be a donor, in India, the choice is left to the family. After a person carrying a donor card dies, the family still needs to approve the donation of organs. So, if you intend to be an organ donor, it is imperative that you inform your family about your wish.
- There are very few medical conditions that would automatically disqualify you from donating any organs or tissues. So, don’t disqualify yourself!